Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a gland found only in males. It is located in front of the rectum and below the urinary bladder. The size of the prostate varies with age. Prostate cancer is usually a very slow growing cancer, often causing no symptoms until it is in an advanced stage. Expert says that prostate cancer starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cell called Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PIN).  Some of the 50 years old men have PIN and the cells are still in place and seem do not move elsewhere. The changes can be seen under a microscope. Cancer cells would have moved into other parts of the prostate. The prostate gland cell changes as low-grade or high-grade which is high grade is abnormal while low-grade is more or less normal.

Prostate Cancer

What Risk Factor of Prostate Cancer?

There are several risk factors for prostate cancer. among these are:

    • Age

Usually, men after age 50 will have a chance prostate cancer. About 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men over the age of 65.

    • Race or ethnicity

Prostate cancer occurs more often in African-American men and Caribbean men of African ancestry than in men of other races. African-American men have more than twice to die of prostate cancer than white men.

    • Family History

Some cases, prostate cancer seems to run in some families, which suggest that in some cases there may be an inherited or genetic factor. The men who have a father or brother with prostate cancer more than double a man’s risk of developing this disease.

    • Genes

Several inherited gene changes that seem to raise prostate cancer risk, but they probably account for only a small number of cases overall.

    • Diet

Men who eat a lot of red meat or high-fat dairy products appear to have a slightly higher chance of getting prostate cancer. These men also tend to eat fewer fruits and vegetables.

    • Obesity

Being obese is linked with a higher risk of getting prostate cancer. Obese men have a lower risk of getting a low-grade(less dangerous) form of the disease, but a higher risk of getting more aggressive prostate cancer.

    • Sexually transmitted infections

Researchers have looked to see if sexually transmitted infection might increase the risk of prostate cancer, possibly because they may lead to inflammation of the prostate.


How to prevent prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a deadly cancer for men because it not only can cause death, but it also can be harmful to one’s fertility. If detected early, it is one of the best steps to be able to treat and get rid of cancer cells. People also need to be cautious and adopt a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent cancer. The way to treat her is:

  • Eat fewer calories or exercise more so that you maintain a healthy weight.
  • Try to keep the amount of fat you get from red meat and dairy products to a minimum.
  • Don’t take calcium too much. Do not take supplemental doses far above the recommended daily allowance. Avoid taking more than 1,500 mg of calcium a day.
  • Eat more fish because fish can help protect against prostate cancer. Other than that, fish have a “good fat” particularly omega-3 fatty acids. Avoid trans fatty acids usually found in margarine.
  • Try to incorporate cooked tomatoes that are cooked with olive oil, which has also been shown to be beneficial and cruciferous vegetables (like broccoli and cauliflower) into many of your weekly meals. Soy and green tea are also potential dietary components that may be helpful.
  • Avoid smoking and drink alcohol.
  • Seek medical treatment for stress, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and depression.


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